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“95后”苏兰芳:和常香玉同时代却不被人知的豫剧大师

2019-07-18 点击:949
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Su Lanfang, female, Yu opera famous artist. Born in 1923, the nickname Su Jinlan, was adopted by Su Zhankui in Zhengzhou since childhood, and he was trained by the old artist Zhou Haihai in the west of Henan. After the expedition, he went to Xi'an to perform with the group. Later, he was the main actor and leader in Linyi, Yichuan, Xiangyang, Luoning, Yan'an Huanglong and Huangchuan. Known as "the living fossil of Yu Opera."

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Su Lanfang

Under the master, the first appearance of the edge

In the face of tragic life experience, Su Lanfang never evaded, and she did not know who her own parents were. From the beginning of her memory, she had already lived with the adoptive father who was playing the board. The month of birth is also inferred from the year and month of the sister Shi Changyu.

The famous Henan opera drama artist Zhou Haishui went to the tea shed of their home to drink tea and listen to the book. After familiar with the master, Su Lanfang and her sister Su Lanfen went to the sea with Zhou and learned the opera together with Tang Lanxiang.

The talents of the three sisters, together with the careful guidance of the master, will soon be able to play, first of all simple dramas such as《刘秀讨饭》,《跳花园》, and later will also be ranked《姚刚征南》,《破洪州》,《破天门》Waiting for the big show.

Later, Chang Xiangyu came to Zhouhai with his father and studied with the three sisters. Su Lanfang has the best relationship with Chang Xiangyu and has the most cooperation. There are《曹庄杀妻》,《秦雪梅观文》,《纪母求药》and so on. The two masters married sisters in their youth. It is said that Su Lanfang and Chang Xiangyu also recognized a godmother in Kaifeng.

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The road to singing, rugged and bumpy

xx跟随师傅到各处演出,逐渐声名鹊起,正是大展宏图的时候,无奈日本侵华战争爆发,民族危亡,战火纷飞,时局动荡,人心惶惶。当时城市局势不安,加上养父苏占魁的去世,养母带着女儿来到山区,苏兰芳也转移到山区演出,自此就一直扎根山区,没有回到大城市继续发展。

苏兰芳16岁那年与一位杂货铺商人子弟结为夫妻,不幸的是,婆家强烈反对她登台演出,因此苏兰芳也不得不暂别戏台。

谁能想到,七年后丈夫在一次外出中失踪了,从此杳无音讯。离开婆家后,苏兰芳本想重回戏台,但后来发现自己落伍了,觉得自己技术上不行了,怕拖别人的后腿,再加上当时社会上对唱戏这行的贬低诋毁,就不再登台演出了。要强固执的苏兰芳,怕给师傅丢脸所以在这期间也拒绝了师傅周海水的搭班邀请。

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重返戏台,怀念恩师

80年代的时候,苏兰芳和她第二任丈夫组织了一个戏班子,与一些民间戏曲演员一起演出,她们的演出深受百姓喜爱,苏兰芳回忆起这段经历时说:“老百姓那是真喜欢俺啊,特别是洛宁、伊川,几十里地远的都赶来看,他们互相转告说‘咱兰芳回来了,咱兰芳回来了!’每次演出结束,我都是哭着走的,老百姓也哭着送。”就这样苏兰芳为基层民众唱了一辈子戏。

xxxx苏兰芳说,她最大的遗憾是她嫉妒周周海大师。主人对他们严格要求,爱和关怀,并把学生视为自己。据说有一次,一名士兵匆匆强迫自己的姐妹们打牌,是周海水的主人用胸口顶住枪口,只是把油推了出去。这位老人苦恼地说道:“我和苏兰芬,唐兰香和他的女儿周兰峰没有继承和提升自己的事业,所以他很好,无所事事。” 2010年,苏兰芳在庐山脚下。为第一位老师设置一块墓碑。

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